In 2009 the Research Institute of Ethnic and National Minorities of the Hungarian Academy of Science in cooperation with the Interdisciplinary Centre for Comparative Research in the Social Sciences (ICCR) completed the research project entitled “Immigrants in Hungary”. The project was realised with the support of the European Fund for the Integration.
The aim of the project was to conduct a complex sociological research related to the number, composition, territorial distribution and socio-demographic characteristics of migrants living in Hungary, factors determining their integration and their role in the economic, political and cultural spheres. In the research project the term migrant meant any non-refugee foreigner residing in the territory of Hungary with a residence permit for a period of longer than three months, who has a nationality of a non-EU member state.
Determining of the number, composition and the socio-demographic characteristics of migrants was carried out with two different methods by the contributing researchers. One of them was the comparative analysis of statistical data, the other approach was the survey and analysis of the observations of municipalities.
Determining migrants’ role in the economic, political and cultural spheres, and the factors influencing their integration was made by means of a survey collection of data on a nationwide migrant sample selected with a sampling methodology developed by the research fellows of the project.
For the analysis of migrants’ roles in the local communities and in the distribution of the economic, political and cultural resources, and determining their life-strategies, the contributing researchers used a qualitative research with in-depth interviews, with different structures for migrants, experts and institutional workers. The sample of interviwees was also selected with a sampling methodology developed in-house.