Integrating Migrants into the European Union: Perspectives from Selected Member States (Needs Assesment)

In 2005 ICCR, with the support of an INTI project, assessed the needs and requests of migrants living in Hungary based on interviews with migrants and key organisations working in the field. Beyond the needs assessment, the qualitative research enabled us to have a comprehensive overview on the work of the organisations working in the field of migration issues. On the one hand we contacted the significant NGOs working in the field of migration and refugee issues and on the other hand we targeted community organisations recruiting their members amongst migrants. Furthermore, certain public institutions were interviewed to gain a full picture on the situation of migrants living in Hungary.

According to the research design, set by IOM Prague, the three target groups of the research were defined as follows:

  • Migrant: foreigners (do not have citizenship), who are legally living at the territory for more than one year and are
  • Community organization: the main established migrants organization, that provide and run activities focused on the community development, culture, social assistance and other social services
  • NGO: established organization that are providing free of charge social services to migrant/foreigner who are living on the territory (as set under the local alliance legislatives)

The Office of Immigration and Nationality of the Hungarian Ministry of Interior and the Hungarian Language School were also interviewed.

The migrants, representing 10 different groups based upon country of origin, nationality, age and sex replied to questions in the categories as follows:

  • Access to information concerning the Hungarian laws and their practical application,
  • Needs and main points were assistance is required,
  • Main problems for foreigners living in Hungary,
  • Obstacles experienced by them in Hungary.

The eight NGOs and nine community organizations assessed the main problems faced by migrants in Hungary in the following categories:

  • Education,
  • Health,
  • Human rights,
  • Employment,
  • Housing.